Centos 6.2: PHP, MySQL and Nginx

Administration, Info.Tech, Linux System Administration, Operating Systems, PHP, Web Development Add comments

I’ve been curious about the word nginx. A lot of posting about nginx. So I do a little research and found out its a HTTP server. So I tried my own research and experiment which all sample configuration can be found at nginx.org. For my experiment, I used Centos 6.2, PHP, MySQL and the Nginx. Here’s you will do it to setup Web Server using Nginx;

Download first the EPEL for Centos 6 (http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/repoview/epel-release.html or epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm (820)) — purpose for this is so you can install the per-requesites of Nginx like spawn-fcgi.

[root@server ~]# wget http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

[root@server ~]# rpm -ivh epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

[root@server nginx]# yum repolist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, protectbase, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: centos.ipserverone.com
 * epel: ftp.cuhk.edu.hk
 * extras: centos.ipserverone.com
 * updates: centos.ipserverone.com
0 packages excluded due to repository protections
repo id                                                        repo name                                                                                              status
base                                                           CentOS-6 - Base                                                                                        6,294
epel                                                           Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - x86_64                                                         7,561
extras                                                         CentOS-6 - Extras                                                                                          6
nginx                                                          nginx repo                                                                                                23
updates                                                        CentOS-6 - Updates                                                                                     1,147
repolist: 15,031

Then install nginx.

[root@server ~]# yum -y install nginx

Install PHP, MySQL and other packages.

[root@server ~]# yum -y install php-pear-Net-Socket php-pear php-common php-gd php-devel php php-mbstring php-pear-Mail php-cli php-imap php-snmp php-pdo php-xml php-pear-Auth-SASL php-ldap php-pear-Net-SMTP php-mysql

Install spawn-fgi

[root@server ~]# yum -y install spawn-fcgi

Download and setup the spawn-fcgi to init.d (spawn-fcgi init.d script (797))

[root@server ~]# wget http://bash.cyberciti.biz/dl/419.sh.zip
[root@server ~]# unzip 419.sh.zip
[root@server ~]# mv 419.sh /etc/init.d/php_cgi
[root@server ~]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/php_cgi

Start PHP app server and check if running

[root@server ~]# /etc/init.d/php_cgi start
[root@server ~]# netstat -tulpn | grep :9000
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000              0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      1843/php-cgi

Configure nginx.conf for PHP based webserver for WordPress, Drupal & Joomla (Download: nginx.conf (798)).

[root@server nginx]# cat nginx.conf

user  nginx;
worker_processes  1;

error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

    server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        server_name .nginx.ph;
        access_log /var/log/nginx/nginx.ph_access_log;
        error_log /var/log/nginx/nginx.ph_error_log;

        index index.html index.php index.htm;

        root /home/camilord/public_html;

        location / {
           # if you're just using wordpress and don't want extra rewrites
           # then replace the word @rewrites with /index.php
           try_files $uri $uri/ @rewrites;
        }

        location @rewrites {
           # Can put some of your own rewrite rules in here
           # for example rewrite ^/~(.*)/(.*)/? /users/$1/$2 last;
           # If nothing matches we'll just send it to /index.php
           rewrite ^ /index.php last;
        }

        # This block will catch static file requests, such as images, css, js
        # The ?: prefix is a 'non-capturing' mark, meaning we do not require
        # the pattern to be captured into $1 which should help improve performance
        location ~* \.(?:ico|css|js|gif|jpe?g|png)$ {
                # Some basic cache-control for static files to be sent to the browser
                expires max;
                add_header Pragma public;
                add_header Cache-Control "public, must-revalidate, proxy-revalidate";
        }

        # remove the robots line if you want to use wordpress' virtual robots.txt
        location = /robots.txt  { access_log off; log_not_found off; }
        location = /favicon.ico { access_log off; log_not_found off; }

        # this prevents hidden files (beginning with a period) from being served
        location ~ /\.          { access_log off; log_not_found off; deny all; }

        location ~ \.php {
                fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
                fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
                fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
                fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;

                fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
                fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
                fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
                fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
                fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;

                fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
                fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx;

                fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
                fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
                fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
                fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
                fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        }

       #location ~ \.php$
       #{
       #    root           html;
       #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
       #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
       #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
       #    include        fastcgi_params;
       #}
    }
}

Restart Nginx

[root@server ~]# service nginx restart

I think that’s it.. it should be working because its working on my CentOS linux box. 🙂

Reference:

  1. http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-fedora-install-configure-nginx-php5/
  2. http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-fedora-centos-linux-enable-epel-repo/
  3. http://www.thegeekstuff.com/2012/06/enable-epel-repository/
  4. http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/repoview/epel-release.html
  5. http://wiki.nginx.org/ServerBlockExample
  6. http://kbeezie.com/view/nginx-configuration-examples/

 

  • aivarssterns

    you could use php-fpm instead of php-cgi it’s better way…

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